“Optimism is an essential ingredient of innovation. How else can the individual welcome change over security, adventure over staying in safe places?” — Robert Noyce
American physicist Robert Noyce patented the microchip 58 years ago today, cementing his place as the unofficial “Mayor of Silicon Valley”. Microchips replaced transistors, allowing for smaller and faster machines, fueling the personal computer revolution. Microchips quickly became the industry standard — and they were made using monocrystalline silicon — giving Silicon Valley its name. After co-founding microchip producer Fairchild Semiconductor, Noyce would later start tech giant Intel, the company that invented the microprocessor, another essential building block for computer processing.