“There is no scientific study more vital to man than the study of his own brain. Our entire view of the universe depends on it.” - Francis Crick, Nobel Prize-Winning Molecular Biologist
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was jointly awarded to Francis Crick, James Watson and Maurice Wilkins 57 years ago today for determining the double-helix structure of deoxyribonucleic acid — better known as DNA, the building block of all life. Molecular biologists Watson and Crick used X-ray diffraction patterns in their experiments that were provided by physicist Maurice Wilkins, leading to the discovery of the simple, yet ingenious answer to a question plaguing scientists for decades, finally explaining how genetic material is passed on in living beings from generation to generation. In his 1968 book “The Double Helix”, Watson claims that the team were so excited upon making their monumental finding that Crick burst into the nearest pub, yelling to the patrons “we have found the secret of life”.